Bach, Johann Sebastian
St. Matthew Passion BWV 244
Edition no.
BA 5038-90
ISMN
9790006462421
Volume / Series
BÄRENREITER URTEXT
Editor
Dürr, Alfred / Schneider, Max
Arranger
Dürr, Alfred / Köhs, Andreas
Instrumentation of the work
Soloists, Choir, Orchestra
Orchestral scoring
2S-solo,2A-solo,2T-solo,2B-solo / 2GemCh-SATB / Orch: Chorus I: 2,2Bfl,2(2 Ob d'amore, 2 Ob da caccia),0,0 - 0,0,0,0 - Str(2V,Va,Vagb) - Bc / Chorus II: 2,2(2 Ob'amore),0,0 - 0,0,0,0 - Str(2V,Va,Vagb) - Bc
Language(s) of work
German, English
Language(s) of text
German, English
Product format
Vocal Score, Urtext edition
Binding
Paperback
Pages / Format
VIII, 304 S. - 27,0 x 19,0 cm
Bach’s St. Matthew Passion as we know it today evidently had a long history dating back before 1727. It is unclear whether the work performed at the Thomaskirche , Leipzig on Good Friday 1729 was based on a still earlier version. Whatever the case, the surviving version of 1729 presents the work in a form strikingly different from its later incarnation. For example, the opening section ends with the chorale ‘ Jesum lass ich nicht von mir ’ which was replaced by the large-scale cantus firmus chorus ‘O Mensch , bewein dein Sünde gross’ for the 1736 performance.

The well-known alto aria ‘Ach! Nun ist mein Jesus hin ’ is still assigned to a bass in the earlier version, and the aria ‘ Komm süsses Kreuz ’ calls for a lute instead of the later viola da gamba . Moreover, the pieces for double chorus only require a single continuo group. Other differences can be found in the instrumental scoring and voice leading. The early version of the St. Matthew Passion is thus a most interesting addition to the great concert repertoire.
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