Haydn, Joseph
Missa in B-flat major Hob.XXII:14 "Harmony Mass"
Edition no.
BA 4659
Lippmann, Friedrich
Instrumentation of the work
Soloists, Choir, Orchestra, Organ
Language(s) of work
Product format
Score, Urtext edition
Chant, Mixed choir, Orchestra, Organ
Pages / Format
32,5 x 26,6 cm
It is well known that Joseph Haydn wrote his late masses to the commission of his last employer, Prince Nicolaus II Esterhazy. The "Harmoniemesse" is the last of these high masses all of which probably received their first performances in celebration of the name-day of Princess Maria Josepha Hermenegild, the prince's wife. The present work was given for the first time on 8 September 1802 in the Bergkirche at Eisenstadt, Haydn himself conducting.

Haydn entitled his work simply "Missa". The work has acquired the name "Harmoniemesse" by reason of the prominent parts given to the wind instruments ("Harmonie" being a contemporary name for a wind band); the nickname did not become established until the late nineteenth century.
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