Gioachino Rossini – Life and Work
After completing his musical studies, Gioachino Rossini composed for theatres in Bologna, Venice, Ferrara, Milan and Rome. From 1815 onwards he worked mainly as director of the two opera houses in Naples. In 1825 he became director of the Italian opera in Paris and was appointed “premier compositeur du roi et inspecteur général du chant en France” the following year. After the July revolution of 1830 this position was converted into a lifelong pension. In the 1820s, due to the success of his rapid sequence of operas (including Il barbiere di Siviglia, La Cenerentola, Guillaume Tell), Rossini was the most famous composer of the time. However, around 1830 he withdrew as an opera composer and only occasionally composed chamber music (with the exceptions of the Stabat mater and the Petite Messe solennelle).